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Furthering the prostate cancer screening debate (prostate cancer specific mortality and associated risks).

By:
Contributors: Bryan Donnelly, MD, MSc, FRCSC, Dean Ruether, MD FRCSC, Michael Chetner, MD, MSc, FRCSC, FACS, Peter Venner, MD, FRCPC
Can Urol Assoc J. 2011 Dec;5(6):416-21. doi: 10.5489/cuaj.11063.

Abstract

Screening for prostate cancer remains a contentious issue. As with other cancer screening programs, a key feature of the debate is verification of cancerspecific mortality reductions. Unfortunately the present evidence, two systematic reviews and six randomized controlled trials, have reported conflicting results. Furthermore, half of the studies are poor quality and the evidence is clouded by key weaknesses, including poor adherence to screening in the intervention arm or high rates of screening in the control arm. In high quality studies of prostate cancer screening (particularly prostatespecific antigen), in which actual compliance was anticipated in the study design, there is good evidence that prostate cancer mortality is reduced. The numbers needed to screen are at least as good as those of mammography for breast cancer and fecal occult blood testing for colorectal cancer. However, the risks associated with prostate cancer screening are considerable and must be weighed against the advantage of reduced cancerspecific mortality. Adverse events include 70% rate of false positives, important risks associated with prostate biopsy, and the serious consequences of prostate cancer treatment. The best evidence demonstrates prostate cancer screening will reduce prostate cancer mortality. It is time for the debate to move beyond this issue, and begin a well-informed discussion on the remaining complex issues associated with prostate cancer screening and appropriate management.

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 PubMed

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MLA Dr. Richard Starke Toured APCaRI Labs

The APCaRI laboratory in the Department of Oncology at the University of Alberta hosted an early morning visit on October 11 by Dr. Richard Starke, MLA for Vermilion-Lloydminster @RichardStarke. Dr. John Lewis led the tour of the facility and discussed the work being done by APCaRI members on using the in vivo chick embryo imaging technique to follow tumour motility through the vasculature, screening for metastasis-gene targets in human cancers to develop metastasis-blocking therapeutics, and the design of Nanostics’ prostate cancer diagnostic blood tests platform; ClarityDx Prostate. Later that day Richard Starke tweeted about his visit describing it as an incredible tour of @UAlberta research facilities!
Along with Dr.’s Starke and Lewis (from left to right in feature photo above) were technicians Mike Wong and Diana Pham, Nanostics COO Catalina Vasquez, technician Renjith Pillai and our Program manager Rume Djebah.

- Perrin Beatty