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ERG protein expression and gene rearrangements are present at lower rates in metastatic and locally advanced castration-resistant prostate cancer compared to localized disease.

By:
Contributors: Bryan Donnelly, MD, MSc, FRCSC, Kiril Trpkov, MD, FRCPC, Tarek Bismar Research Group
Urology. 2013 Aug;82(2):394-9. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2013.03.029. Epub 2013 Jun 6.

Abstract

 

OBJECTIVE:

To compare ERG expression and gene rearrangements rates in metastatic and castrationresistant prostate cancer (CRPC) to localized disease as ERG is the most common genetic event in early prostate cancer (PCa) with potential prognostic and therapeutic implications.

METHODS:

We evaluated ERG protein expression in 344 patients with PCa in 3 cohorts including localized, metastatic, and castrationresistant disease using immunohistochemistry (IHC) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).

RESULTS:

ERG protein expression was detected exclusively in the neoplastic epithelium and was found in 6.8% and 46.3% of high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (HGPIN) and localized PCa, respectively. In metastatic and locally advanced CRPC, ERG expression was significantly lower, occurring at 36.1% and 37.2%, respectively. In PCa with foamy gland morphology, ERG protein expression was detected in only 18.6% compared with reported rates of about 42%-48% in acinar PCa. Moreover, ERG protein expression and gene rearrangements showed an overall consistency rate of 90.6% (P <.0001). The consistency rate was 100% both in benign glands and HGPIN, and 96.1% in localized PCa. However, it was significantly lower at 76.9% and 85% in node metastatic and CRPC, respectively (P <.0001).

CONCLUSION:

ERG protein expression is restricted to neoplastic prostatic epithelium and is present at lower rates in metastatic and CRPC compared to localized PCa. IHC and FISH concordance rates were significantly lower in node metastatic and CRPC compared to localized PCa, which may suggest different biological and therapeutic implications. The lower rate of ERG protein expression in foamy gland PCa may suggest potential differences for this pattern of PCa at the molecular level.

 

PubMed

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APCaRI members participate in the 2016 CCI Golf Classic

Members of the APCaRI team felt very fortunate yesterday to participate in the Alberta Cancer Foundation’s 28th Annual Cross Cancer Institute Golf Classic – a wonderful event that has raised more than $12 million to pioneer revolutionary projects in support of patients at Alberta’s own Cross Cancer Institute and beyond.

Over the past 27 years, the Cross Cancer Institute Golf Classic has funded leading edge research, treatment and patient care programs at the Cross Cancer Institute. In 2016, the Alberta Cancer Foundation embarked on a new investment that will bring together the brightest minds in colorectal cancer research to increase survival rates and improve quality of life for colorectal patients across the province.

Heartfelt thanks to the amazing volunteers, the organizing committee, the Alberta Cancer Foundation, and all of the participants!

 

 

 

- Catalina Vasquez