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Comparison of low and intermediate source strengths for (125)I prostate brachytherapy implants.

By:
Contributors: Nawaid Usmani, MD, FRCPC, Sunita Ghosh, PhD
Brachytherapy. 2013 Sep-Oct;12(5):442-8. doi: 10.1016/j.brachy.2013.02.004. Epub 2013 May 23.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To compare the implant quality and clinical outcomes for patients treated with low and intermediate strength (125)I seeds in prostate brachytherapy implants.

METHODS AND MATERIALS:

This retrospective review included 390 consecutive patients treated with prostate brachytherapy from 1999 to 2006. The first 142 patients were implanted with source strengths lower than 0.415U (0.327mCi), with the subsequent 248 patients implanted with source strengths higher than 0.493U (0.388mCi). Clinical, dosimetric, toxicity, and outcome data were compared between these two cohorts of patients.

RESULTS:

Despite having similar prostate volumes, fewer sources (median, 95 vs. 113; p<0.0001) and fewer needles (median, 23 vs. 29; p<0.0001) were implanted in the intermediate strength cohort. The postimplant dosimetry demonstrated better quality implants in patients treated with intermediate strength sources (median D90, 160.0Gy vs. 139.6Gy; p<0.0001), with greater dose inhomogeneity identified in the intermediate strength cohort of patients. A higher incidence of late rectal toxicity was identified in patients treated with intermediate strength sources despite lower rectal doses in this cohort. The biochemical relapse-free survival, prostate cancer survival, and overall survival were not significantly different between the two cohorts.

CONCLUSIONS:

The transition from low to intermediate strength sources has led to fewer resources being used and improved postoperative dosimetry. Although there were more rectal complications identified in the intermediate strength cohort of patients in this analysis, there were no other significantly worse clinical or biochemical outcomes for patients implanted with intermediate strength sources.

 

PubMed

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Thanks to the participation from men with suspected prostate cancer and men diagnosed with prostate cancer, we will be able to measure if our “tests” can reveal the true nature of prostate cancer and if the tests or biomarkers can diagnose prostate cancer and tell us what cancers are more aggressive.

As part of the Alberta Prostate Registry and Biorepository, patients will be entered into our study, in which blood and other samples are collected over time and their health outcomes are recorded over many years. Patients will follow standard medical advice and care through their doctors. Our team collect biospecimens and information related to general health and cancer behavior over time.

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